American Indian Life in the Middle Woodland Period
Subjects: Indians of North America; American Indian history and society; Ohio History -- Natural and Native Ohio; Earthworks (Archaeology); Places: Ohio; Collection: Education Collection Source: Education; E 509 Item ID: OHS: AL05220.tif Description: Scene depicting a Middle Woodland/Hopewell (2200-1500 B.P.) shaman ministering to an ill clan member near the Stubbs Earthworks along the Little Miami River in Warren County, Ohio. The design of the shaman's bearskin regalia was drawn from the Wray figurine discovered in the Newark Earthworks, while other clothing and hair styles are taken from terra cotta figurines found at contemporary Hopewell sites in Illinois.
The Stubbs Earthworks in the distance is modeled after 19th century maps, though it has since been damaged by farming, gravel quarrying, and construction. Early investigation of the earthwork uncovered evidence of Ohio's only known "Woodhenge" with the remains of a circular arrangement of large wooden posts that may have been used as a type of calendar.
This painting comes from the "Ancient Ohio" art series, a series of six artworks showing the major archaeological periods from Ohio history. Each painting in the series is based on extensive research and consultation with experts and American Indian scholars. Width: 4705 pixels Height: 3546 pixels