Section Five-B: Middle Woodland Period
Middle Woodland Period
Archaeologists in the Midwest have termed the span of years from approximately 100 B.C. to AD 500 as the Middle Woodland. As the name suggests, the societies existing during this time continued many of the cultural practices of the Early Woodland groups. They lived in small communities and supplemented game and wild plant foods with cultivated crops which they cooked and stored in ceramic pots.
The group that archaeologists call Hopewell is probably the best-known Middle Woodland culture in Ohio. Their large-scale geometric earthworks and hill-top enclosures scattered throughout the major river valleys of southern Ohio and their artistic achievements have fascinated researchers and the general public for years.