Please Note: You are viewing the non-styled version of the Discover Ohio History website. Either your browser does not support Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) or they are disabled. We suggest upgrading your browser to the latest version of your favorite Internet browser.

Discover Ohio History
Lesson Plans

Frontier Conflict Lessons

The Ohio Historical Society has developed lesson plans and classroom activities to meet your needs in the teaching of Ohio history. All of the materials have been designed to enhance the Ohio Department of Education's new Academic Content standards and reflect the vast resources within the Society. Contact us for more information or to buy any of the lesson plans.

Frontier Conflict:  The Truth of the Matter:  pre and Post Distance Learning Program Lessons

An Overview of the Frontier Wars of the 1790s PDF

Ohio Social Studies Academic Content Standards Addressed PDF
Students will learn about the frontier wars of the 1790s. They will gain an understanding about the causes and effects of these wars through individual or group research, create informational or editorial broadsides, sharing the results with the rest of the class. Students will distinguish between fact and opinion.

The Major Players and their Documents

Ohio Social Studies Academic Content Standards Addressed PDF
Learn more about some major leaders by reading their biographies (secondary source materials) and examining the primary source documents they left behind. Students will identify and analyze primary and secondary source documents to determine the reliability of the information.

A Letter From The Researcher

Ohio Social Studies Academic Content Standards Addressed PDF
Through reading a letter from the researcher and checking the researcher's sources, students will understand that St. Clair's Defeat led to the development of congressional investigations and executive privilege. These conflicting ideas were a change in the understanding of the Democratic principle of the separation of powers and two unintended effects of the frontier wars of the 1790s.

Frontier Wars of Ohio Case History Lessons

Skills and Methods:

Object, Document, and Image Reading and Study

Students will learn how to "read" objects, documents and images in order to learn about the past. They will develop observation and record keeping skills, and in a way similar to historians, will practice drawing conclusions based on their observations.

Hands on Overview:  Discovering History a Document and Artifact Study

The students will view artifacts and documents from three historical hands-on stations representing the concepts of trade, settlement and conflict. Taking on the persona of a reporter, investigator, historian, or archeologist, they will attempt to solve the mysteries they encounter at these stations. Students are encouraged to use inquiry-based learning through making inferences, exploring, and analyzing data represented at the historical stations.

Trade:

The Impact of Trade

Students will learn how exploration and trade were the beginning steps in opening up the frontier. They will extend their learning by examining passages from an actual frontier journal and create their own journal entry in a first person narrative to address the issue of, "Why take the risk?" They will also examine period images depicting the beaver trade.

Settlement:

Whose Land Was It?

Students will compare and contrast how American Indians and European Americans viewed land ownership. Students will investigate who owned the land and how views of land ownership made an impact on the interaction between the two groups.

The Measurement of Land

How did the measurement of land create conflict between the American Indians and the settlers? After students compare and contrast the methods American Indians and European Americans used to measure land they will measure land by using the methods of these two cultural groups.

Journals Are Primary Sources

Journals are first person accounts and primary sources of events that happen at a particular time. Students will study a passage from the journal of Christopher Gist to see the Ohio Country through his eyes of this first person narrator. Students will create a journal entry of their own.

Conflict:

The Frontier Wars of the 1790s

Students will examine the cause and effects of the frontier wars of 1790s. Students will work cooperatively to study one of the frontier battles and share their finding with the rest of the class.

Broadsides Spread the News

Students will research one of the battles of the frontier wars in order to create an editorial broadside showing cause and effect. In the process students will distinguish between fact and opinion.

Picture This:  Battles & Treaties (Case History Lesson:  Frontier Wars of Ohio)

Students will analyze two battle scenes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers and two peace scenes of the Signing of the Treaty of Greene Ville. Each painting portrays the artist's unique perspective of both the American Indians and the American military. Students will take on the role of one of the individuals in the scenes and write a journal entry that considers the questions: could there ever be peace, and when is an ally truly an ally?

Peace Through Treaties

Using a graphic organizer, students will analyze a treaty identifying the terms and evaluating their impact. Students will work in teams, representing the American Indians and American government and develop their own treaty followed by a treaty ceremony.

Tecumseh's Perspective

Students will read, compare, and analyze Tecumseh's speech to General Proctor given in 1812 and Patrick Henry's 1775 "Give me liberty or give me death!" speech. While many will have heard Henry's phrase before, few may know of its origin.

Life at Fort Meigs Case History Lessons

The Causes of the War of 1812

Ohio Social Studies Academic Content Standards Addressed PDF
This lesson examines the causes of the War of 1812, with special consideration to the competing land interests and continued English influence on the American frontier. It will examine the American and American Indian methods of communication and messages conveyed by these methods.

Life Under Arms – Meets Ohio Academic Content Standards for Grades 4, 5, & 8

Ohio Social Studies Academic Content Standards Addressed PDF
During the course of this lesson, students will gain a broad understanding of what motivated Ohioans to enlist in the military during the War of 1812 as well as the rigors of military life during the period. Cultural practices and products of military life in frontier Ohio are discussed.

Frontier Conflict: Edge of the Northwest – Meets Ohio Academic Content Standards for Grades 4, 5, & 8

Ohio Social Studies Academic Content Standards Addressed PDF
During the course of this lesson, students will gain a broad understanding of the significant events that occurred at Fort Meigs and of the American victory over the English and their American Indian allies. They will also gain an appreciation for the living conditions at the fort and the role of women in the army. Students will use primary and secondary sources to learn about the fort's history and to study change over time.

Frontier Conflict:  Object Reading and Document Study

Students will learn how to "read" objects, documents and images in order to learn about the past. They will develop observation and record keeping skills, and in a way similar to historians, will practice drawing conclusions based on their observations.

Fort Meigs:  Pre and Post Field Trip Lessons

The following are pre and post activities and lessons designed to complement field trips to and educational programs conducted by Fort Meigs educators.

The Frontier Wars of the 1790s

In this lesson students will learn about the frontier wars of the 1790s. They will gain an understanding about the causes and effects of these wars through individual or group research, creating informational or editorial broadsides and sharing their research and the broadsides they have made with the rest of the class.

A Five Step Plan for the Northwest Territory

The American victory over the British following the American Revolution was one of the factors that led to growth of United States. The newly acquired Northwest Territory created domestic and international problems, which the United States attempted to solve by instituting a five-step plan. Students will consider the effectiveness of this plan. They will also learn how Ohio progressed from a territory to statehood and how the Northwest Ordinance established principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States.

A Conflict of Understanding Over Land

The dispute over the land brought up four different issues for American settlers and American Indians: how does one define ownership; how does the meaning of the words we use for land affect how we think about it and the people living on it; how does one define the boundaries and measure land; and who has the authority to make decisions regarding the sale of land. Students will learn about the cultural differences that kept European American and American Indians from seeing alternatives other than conflict and war.

The Story Continued

The War of 1812 brought an end to the Ohio Indian Wars and the border dispute between Ohio and Canada. Students will learn how the story continued and read more about the Indian Wars, which lasted until 1890, and the disputes over the border between the United States and Canada.

The standards documents and lesson plan sample are in Adobe PDF format and are less than .3 MB in size, a 45 second download on a 56K modem.

To view PDF files, download Adobe's free Acrobat Reader.